The Summer Palace in the north-east corner of the garden was built by Domenico Trezzini between 1710 and 1712. Andreas Schluter and Georg Johann Mattarnovi sculpted the decor on the facades. The twenty-nine bas-reliefs between the windows on the ground and first floors depict, in an allegorical form, the Russian victories over Sweden in the Great Northern War. On the ground floor the quarters of Peter I, and on the first floor the quarters of his wife Catherine were located.
In 1924, the Summer Palace was turned into a museum of everyday objects from the early eighteenth century. Several generations of curators carefully preserved the original purposes of each palace room and the exhibits relating to the life of Peter the Great and the Imperial family.